启动Demo

wget https://alibaba.github.io/arthas/arthas-demo.jar
java -jar arthas-demo.jar

arthas-demo是一个简单的程序,每隔一秒生成一个随机数,再执行质因式分解,并打印出分解结果。

源代码如下

package demo;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Random;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;

public class MathGame {
    private static Random random = new Random();

    public int illegalArgumentCount = 0;

    public static void main(String[] args) throws InterruptedException {
        MathGame game = new MathGame();
        while (true) {
            game.run();
            TimeUnit.SECONDS.sleep(1);
        }
    }

    public void run() throws InterruptedException {
        try {
            int number = random.nextInt()/10000;
            List<Integer> primeFactors = primeFactors(number);
            print(number, primeFactors);

        } catch (Exception e) {
            System.out.println(String.format("illegalArgumentCount:%3d, ", illegalArgumentCount) + e.getMessage());
        }
    }

    public static void print(int number, List<Integer> primeFactors) {
        StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer(number + "=");
        for (int factor : primeFactors) {
            sb.append(factor).append('*');
        }
        if (sb.charAt(sb.length() - 1) == '*') {
            sb.deleteCharAt(sb.length() - 1);
        }
        System.out.println(sb);
    }

    public List<Integer> primeFactors(int number) {
        if (number < 2) {
            illegalArgumentCount++;
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("number is: " + number + ", need >= 2");
        }

        List<Integer> result = new ArrayList<Integer>();
        int i = 2;
        while (i <= number) {
            if (number % i == 0) {
                result.add(i);
                number = number / i;
                i = 2;
            } else {
                i++;
            }
        }

        return result;
    }
}

启动arthas

在命令行下面执行(使用和目标进程一致的用户启动,否则可能attach失败):

wget https://alibaba.github.io/arthas/arthas-boot.jar
java -jar arthas-boot.jar
  • 执行该程序的用户需要和目标进程具有相同的权限。比如以admin用户来执行:sudo su admin && java -jar arthas-boot.jarsudo -u admin -EH java -jar arthas-boot.jar
  • 如果attach不上目标进程,可以查看~/logs/arthas/ 目录下的日志。
  • 如果下载速度比较慢,可以使用aliyun的镜像:java -jar arthas-boot.jar --repo-mirror aliyun --use-http
  • java -jar arthas-boot.jar -h 打印更多参数信息。

选择应用java进程:

$ $ java -jar arthas-boot.jar
* [1]: 35542
  [2]: 71560 arthas-demo.jar

Demo进程是第2个,则输入2,再输入回车/enterArthasattach到目标进程上,并输出日志:

[INFO] Try to attach process 71560
[INFO] Attach process 71560 success.
[INFO] arthas-client connect 127.0.0.1 3658
  ,---.  ,------. ,--------.,--.  ,--.  ,---.   ,---.
 /  O  \ |  .--. ''--.  .--'|  '--'  | /  O  \ '   .-'
|  .-.  ||  '--'.'   |  |   |  .--.  ||  .-.  |`.  `-.
|  | |  ||  |\  \    |  |   |  |  |  ||  | |  |.-'    |
`--' `--'`--' '--'   `--'   `--'  `--'`--' `--'`-----'

wiki: https://alibaba.github.io/arthas
version: 3.0.5.20181127201536
pid: 71560
time: 2018-11-28 19:16:24

$

查看dashboard

输入dashboard,按回车/enter,会展示当前进程的信息,按ctrl+c可以中断执行。

$ dashboard
ID     NAME                   GROUP          PRIORI STATE  %CPU    TIME   INTERRU DAEMON
17     pool-2-thread-1        system         5      WAITIN 67      0:0    false   false
27     Timer-for-arthas-dashb system         10     RUNNAB 32      0:0    false   true
11     AsyncAppender-Worker-a system         9      WAITIN 0       0:0    false   true
9      Attach Listener        system         9      RUNNAB 0       0:0    false   true
3      Finalizer              system         8      WAITIN 0       0:0    false   true
2      Reference Handler      system         10     WAITIN 0       0:0    false   true
4      Signal Dispatcher      system         9      RUNNAB 0       0:0    false   true
26     as-command-execute-dae system         10     TIMED_ 0       0:0    false   true
13     job-timeout            system         9      TIMED_ 0       0:0    false   true
1      main                   main           5      TIMED_ 0       0:0    false   false
14     nioEventLoopGroup-2-1  system         10     RUNNAB 0       0:0    false   false
18     nioEventLoopGroup-2-2  system         10     RUNNAB 0       0:0    false   false
23     nioEventLoopGroup-2-3  system         10     RUNNAB 0       0:0    false   false
15     nioEventLoopGroup-3-1  system         10     RUNNAB 0       0:0    false   false
Memory             used   total max    usage GC
heap               32M    155M  1820M  1.77% gc.ps_scavenge.count  4
ps_eden_space      14M    65M   672M   2.21% gc.ps_scavenge.time(m 166
ps_survivor_space  4M     5M    5M           s)
ps_old_gen         12M    85M   1365M  0.91% gc.ps_marksweep.count 0
nonheap            20M    23M   -1           gc.ps_marksweep.time( 0
code_cache         3M     5M    240M   1.32% ms)
Runtime
os.name                Mac OS X
os.version             10.13.4
java.version           1.8.0_162
java.home              /Library/Java/JavaVir
                       tualMachines/jdk1.8.0
                       _162.jdk/Contents/Hom
                       e/jre

通过thread命令来获取到arthas-demo进程的Main Class

thread1会打印线程ID 1的栈,通常是main函数的线程。

$ thread 1 | grep 'main('
    at demo.MathGame.main(MathGame.java:17)

通过jad来反编译Main Class

$ jad demo.MathGame

ClassLoader:
+-sun.misc.Launcher$AppClassLoader@3d4eac69
  +-sun.misc.Launcher$ExtClassLoader@66350f69

Location:
/tmp/arthas-demo.jar

/*
 * Decompiled with CFR 0_132.
 */
package demo;

import java.io.PrintStream;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Random;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;

public class MathGame {
    private static Random random = new Random();
    private int illegalArgumentCount = 0;

    public static void main(String[] args) throws InterruptedException {
        MathGame game = new MathGame();
        do {
            game.run();
            TimeUnit.SECONDS.sleep(1L);
        } while (true);
    }

    public void run() throws InterruptedException {
        try {
            int number = random.nextInt();
            List<Integer> primeFactors = this.primeFactors(number);
            MathGame.print(number, primeFactors);
        }
        catch (Exception e) {
            System.out.println(String.format("illegalArgumentCount:%3d, ", this.illegalArgumentCount) + e.getMessage());
        }
    }

    public static void print(int number, List<Integer> primeFactors) {
        StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer("" + number + "=");
        Iterator<Integer> iterator = primeFactors.iterator();
        while (iterator.hasNext()) {
            int factor = iterator.next();
            sb.append(factor).append('*');
        }
        if (sb.charAt(sb.length() - 1) == '*') {
            sb.deleteCharAt(sb.length() - 1);
        }
        System.out.println(sb);
    }

    public List<Integer> primeFactors(int number) {
        if (number < 2) {
            ++this.illegalArgumentCount;
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("number is: " + number + ", need >= 2");
        }
        ArrayList<Integer> result = new ArrayList<Integer>();
        int i = 2;
        while (i <= number) {
            if (number % i == 0) {
                result.add(i);
                number /= i;
                i = 2;
                continue;
            }
            ++i;
        }
        return result;
    }
}

Affect(row-cnt:1) cost in 970 ms.

watch

通过watch命令来查看demo.MathGame#primeFactors函数的返回值:

$ watch demo.MathGame primeFactors returnObj
Press Ctrl+C to abort.
Affect(class-cnt:1 , method-cnt:1) cost in 107 ms.
ts=2018-11-28 19:22:30; [cost=1.715367ms] result=null
ts=2018-11-28 19:22:31; [cost=0.185203ms] result=null
ts=2018-11-28 19:22:32; [cost=19.012416ms] result=@ArrayList[
    @Integer[5],
    @Integer[47],
    @Integer[2675531],
]
ts=2018-11-28 19:22:33; [cost=0.311395ms] result=@ArrayList[
    @Integer[2],
    @Integer[5],
    @Integer[317],
    @Integer[503],
    @Integer[887],
]
ts=2018-11-28 19:22:34; [cost=10.136007ms] result=@ArrayList[
    @Integer[2],
    @Integer[2],
    @Integer[3],
    @Integer[3],
    @Integer[31],
    @Integer[717593],
]
ts=2018-11-28 19:22:35; [cost=29.969732ms] result=@ArrayList[
    @Integer[5],
    @Integer[29],
    @Integer[7651739],
]

退出arthas

如果只是退出当前的连接,可以用quit或者exit命令。Attach到目标进程上的arthas还会继续运行,端口会保持开放,下次连接时可以直接连接上。

如果想完全退出arthas,可以执行shutdown命令。

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注